Professor Sarah Bridle is a transdisciplinary researcher driven by the need to tackle climate change, focusing on a quantitative approach to helping transform food systems to steward change to new kinds of futures. Sarah's current research focuses on synthesising, exploring and effectively communicating environmental and nutrition impacts of different dietary options, with the aim of driving changes in food production methods and portfolios to be healthy for people and planet.
Marc will be discussing some of his work, including ‘Self’ and ‘Our Blood’, a collaborative sculpture made by Marc Quinn and more than 10,000 people - half of whom are refugees, and the other half non-refugees. It is a sculpture of equality and solidarity. Our Blood will be a monument to our common humanity, emphasizing how there is more that unites us than divides us. http://marcquinn.com https://www.ourblood.org/home Images Copyright Marc Quinn Studio.
The presence of cold blood, whether through acute seasonal chill or chronic environmental exposure, imposes an additional burden on the hearts’ ability to pump viscous blood around the body, potentially limiting blood flow to working muscle. Of particular interest is how the ‘business end’ of the cardiovascular system, the microcirculation, adapts under these conditions. Here, intimate contact between blood and tissue is achieved by a vast network of tiny vessels (capillaries) that facilitate supply of oxygen and other fuels, as well as removal of waste products. This lecture will explore some strategies that warm-blooded animals use to cope during winter, and contrast this with adaptations seen in cold-blooded animals that thrive in the constantly frigid waters around Antarctica. Stuart Egginton is a cardiovascular and muscle physiologist at the University of Leeds, where he is Professor of Exercise Science. His work explores biological limits to activity, and how flexibility is essential to cope with physiological challenges. He is a Fellow of The Physiological Society, currently a Monitoring Editor for the Journal of Experimental Biology, and has served as President of the British Microcirculation Society.
Dracula, Blood, and the New Woman: Stoker’s Reflections on the Zeitgeist While Stoker’s Dracula has never been out of print since its publication in 1897, there’s a tendency either to inflate it as a study in the struggle between Good and Evil or to dismiss it as popular fiction. This talk addresses the degree to which Dracula wrestles with the problems of its day, including the rise of the New Woman, which challenged traditional notions of gender relationships, and the importance of blood as a marker of identity. The New Woman, which Stoker will continue to address throughout his career, finally points to the future while blood demonstrates Stoker’s connection to a very traditional past. Carol Senf, Professor at Georgia Tech, specializes in Gothic Studies. She has written on Stoker, Dracula, Stephen King, LeFanu, Mary Shelley, the Brontes, Dickens, Eliot, Hardy, and Sarah Grand. Her most recent book (co-authored with Sherry Brown and Ellen Stockstill) is A Research Guide to Gothic Literature in English (2018).
This lecture will start with a brief survey of ancient ideas about blood flow, culminating in the West with William Harvey’s convincing demonstration – before the invention of the microscope – that the blood circulates in the body. The mechanics of that circulation will be described, from the high-pressure arteries to the low-pressure veins. Highlights will be: the propagation of the pressure pulse in arteries, the disturbance to smooth flow caused by the complex geometry of arteries (and its probable influence on arterial disease), the fact that blood cells have to be deformed and travel in single file in the smallest capillaries, and the interesting effects of gravity on the venous return to the heart in upright animals, notably those with long necks and legs – giraffes and dinosaurs. Tim Pedley is an applied mathematician whose research has been devoted to Biological Fluid Dynamics, both internal (e.g. blood flow) and external (e.g. micro-organism swimming), for over 50 years . He is Emeritus G I Taylor Professor of Fluid Mechanics at Cambridge, and has served as Chairman of the World Council for Biomechanics, President of the International Union of Theoretical and Applied Mechanics and President of the Institute of Mathematics and its Applications.
Sara Read is a literary historian at Loughborough University. Her expertise is in the cultural and literary representations of the reproductive female body in early modern England. She co-edits the history of medicine blog earlymodernmedicine.com. She is the author of several books, most recently, The Gossips’ Choice, her debut novel which is founded in her research specialisms. The physiology of menstruation might be timeless, but the experience of female reproductive bleeding (from menarche, to menopause) is mediated through different cultural norms at any given time. So, for example, in early modern England, many considered that the onset of menstruation marked a girl’s transition to young womanhood, and postpartum bleeding signified a change to motherhood. Medical debates covering expectations about the regularity of the cycle, the reasons for absent or excessive bleeding, or indeed the theories about why women could expect to bleed at all were heated in early modern England. This lecture will outline the most common medical theories, describe the many words and circumlocutions early moderns used to describe menstruation, and discuss prevailing cultural expectations about this event.
Dr Roddie will give an introduction to the T-cell therapy programme, an experimental therapy using the immune system to target the cancer cells of patients. Claire is a Consultant Haematologist and Honorary Senior Lecturer in Haematology at UCL with a particular interest in CAR T -cells for cancer. She completed a PhD in Cellular Immunotherapy at UCL in the laboratory of Professor Karl Peggs and subsequently undertook a Clinician Scientist post in Dr Martin Pule’s Laboratory to work on the UCL CAR T -cell program. Claire’s current role involves pre-clinical development of novel CAR projects, GMP CAR T -cell manufacture and Clinical Trial design for academic CAR T -cell studies at UCL . She is also responsible for the development of a clinical service at UCLH to support patients recruited to CAR T -cell studies and those receiving CAR T on the NHS.
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